The African Development Bank (AfDB) has committed $25 billion to climate finance for 2020-2025.
This financial commitment is in addition to its proposed launch of a green baseload energy facility for the continent.
The green baseload is a facility under the Sustainable Energy Fund for Africa to provide concessional finance and technical assistance to support the penetration and scale-up of renewable energy, and to provide affordable and reliable renewable energy.
AfDB President, Dr. Akinwumi Adesina, said the bank would double its climate finance commitments for the period 2020-2025 at the One Planet Summit taking place in Nairobi.
Speaking at a plenary in the presence of Heads of State, including President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya, and French President Emmanuel Macron, Adesina also announced the Bank was on course to achieve its target of allocating 40% of its funding to climate finance by 2020, a year ahead.
The Bank’s commitment on the target, the highest among all multilateral development banks, has progressed steadily from 9% in 2016 to 28% in 2017 and 32% in 2018.
Considering Africa’s high vulnerability despite contributing the least to climate change, the African Development Bank has successfully raised its adaptation finance from less than 30% of total climate finance to parity with mitigation in 2018.
The African Development Bank will continue this trend into the future.
“The required level of financing is only feasible with the direct involvement of the entire financial sector,” said the AfDB helmsman.
“Consequently, the Bank launched the African Financial Alliance for Climate Change (AFAC) to link all stock exchanges, pension and sovereign wealth funds, central Banks and other financial institutions of Africa to mobilize and incentivize the shift of their portfolios towards low carbon and climate resilient investments.”
“It is not good enough to simply ask countries to stay away from polluting technologies,” he said.
“We have to be proactive in exploring alternatives. We will therefore be launching the ‘green baseload’ facility under the Sustainable Energy Fund for Africa (SEFA 2.0) to provide concessional finance and technical assistance to support the penetration and scale-up of renewable energy, to provide affordable and reliable renewable energy baseload.”
The African Development Bank has played a critical role in building Africa’s clean energy capacities. The Bank’s last investment in a coal project was 10 years ago.
Additionally, and in line with its new deal on Energy for Africa, 95% of all Bank investments in power generation over the 2016-18 period have been in renewables.
The “Desert to Power” program, a $10 billion initiative to build a 10 GW solar zone across the Sahel—the largest in the world— would provide electricity for 250 million people.
Meanwhile, some countries and international organisations including Canada, Denmark, Germany, Norway, Italy, the United Kingdom and USAID have indicated their interest in this transformative instrument, which will also help to replace coal.