Africa has always been special because of her naturally endowed and mineral rich soils,Just like every other continent ,Africa is blessed with tremendous natural resources and minerals and in unbelievable measures in certain African countries.
The Continent may be lacking in a lot of things, but mineral resources are not among, it’s estimated that It has approximately 30% of the Earth’s remaining mineral resources.
Natural resources or Commodities are the raw inputs that are used to manufacture and produce all products in the world. These natural resources would include those extracted from the earth and those that have yet to be extracted. These are worth trillions of dollars, but not every country in Africa has the same amount or type of Natural Resources or the same potential therefore in no particular order here are the top 11 African countries with the most natural resources.
11 ) BOTSWANA – (Diamond, Coal,
Botswana has been constantly dependent on mineral mining to sustain her economy.For over two decades. Botswana has enjoyed the success of diamond mining and exports up to the point of becoming one of the world’s major large-scale suppliers of Diamonds though Angola is stepping up in the competition.
10) TANZANIA – (Gold,Iron,Nickel, Uranium, Oil and Gas, Arable Land and Ocean).
Tanzania is very rich in minerals such as gold ,diamond, iron, coal ,nickel ,tanzanites, uranium and natural gas, recently natural offshore gas deposits have been discovered and as the name of the country implies Tanzania is the only supplier in the world of the rare gemstone called Tanzanite. Except for that the country also produces gold and is the fourth richest country in Africa in terms of gold.
9. GUINEA – (Bauxite, Aluminum ,Iron ,Diamond, Gold ,Arable Land and Ocean)
Guinea has abundant natural resources, including 25% of the world more of the world known Bauxite reserves.
They produce 95% of Africa’s Bauxite output.
8 MOZAMBIQUE – (Aluminium, Coal, Iron, Oil and Gas ,Steel, Gold, Gemstone ,Cement,Marbles ,Arable Land and Ocean)
Mozambique possesses considerable quantities of Natural Resources, but contrary to many African countries, Mozambique is still predominantly virgin in terms of soil as most of its natural resources are yet to be explored.
7) SOUTH AFRICA – (Platinum ,Diamond ,Gold, Oil and Gas ,Arable Land and Ocean)
This is the only country in Africa that is recognized as developed because of a variety of economic activities like the extraction and production of oil, food ,chemical goods ,diamonds ,Gold , Platinum Automobiles and Equipment.
There are large amounts of diamonds and gold deposits in South Africa and they have really contributed to the nation’s development.. The mineral industry actually adds 20 percent to the GDP of South Africa and the income per year is approximately $550. 50 billion.
6) GHANA – (Bauxite, Gold, Diamonds, silver ,Ocean salt, Manganese)
Ghana is rich , gold, bauxite, diamonds, manganese, crude oil, silver and salt and was the second largest producer of gold in Africa.
Ghana is now Africa’s largest gold producer as it overtakes South Africa as the continent’s largest gold producer. Ghana had gold output of 4.8 million pounds in 2018 surpassed South Africa’s 4.2 million ounces total for the first time.
5) ) Zambia – (copper, lead ,Coal ,Zinc, Gold, Cobalt, Uranium, Silver and Gold).
Zambia is located in a place where Copperbelt the mask copper production region is situated and is rich in Copper, emerald ,and the Cobalt being most effectively one of Africa’s natural resource Giants.
It is known for being a number one copper producer and supplier because it produces 77 percent of African copper,also this country has the biggest underground mine in the whole continent which has 10,000 workers.. Zambia is the fourth largest copper producer in the world and holds about six percent of global copper Reserves.
4) ) Namibia – (Uranium ,Diamond ,zinc, lead ,sulphur, Copper ,Arable Land and Ocean)
Rich in uranium, diamonds,Zinc, lead ,Sulphur Tantalite and copper. Namibia is a country which is a productive uranium supplier. In fact, it probably holds the fourth place in the world when it comes to production of uranium.
uranium was first discovered in the deserts of Namibia and its exploration began in 1960 International companies invested in the country Uranium resources for the production of energy.
China’s biggest Investments of the African continent are their Mining Company in Namibia which specializes in uranium,this estimated that 15 million pounds of uranium oxide can be produced out of Namibian resources.
3) Niger – (uranium, Oil, coal, salt ,petroleum, gold, phosphate and Iron)
Niger has some of the largest uranium reserves in the world. It also has a good amount of oil reserves. Rich in uranium, gold, cement and gold, this country has been a home to one of the largest underground mines in the world where one can extract uranium, lately Niger has received a lot of benefits from selling their raw minerals on the world market.
2] Nigeria – (Oil and Gas, Iron or Coal Limestone ,Lead ,zinc,Arable Land and Ocean)
Nigeria is classified as a mixed economy emerging market, It has reached a lower middle income status according to the World Bank with its abundant supply of Natural Resources such as petroleum.
Apart from petroleum ,Nigeria’s other natural resources include Natural Gas, Tin, Iron ,Coal Limestone, Lead,Zinc and Arable Land, though oil and gas sectors account for about 10% of the gross domestic product and petroleum export revenue represents around 86% of total export revenue. Despite its riches in oil, Nigeria has long suffered from political instability, corruption, poor infrastructure and poor economic management. today.
1) Democratic Republic of Congo – (Cobalt ,Diamond ,Forest ,copper, Iron ,Lithium)
In 2009 the Democratic Republic of the Congo had an estimated $24 trillion in untapped mineral deposits, including the world’s largest reserves of Colton and significant quantities of the world Cobalt.The United States Geological Survey estimates that the DRC has 1 million tons of lithium resources.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the world’s largest producer of cobalt ore and the major producer of copper and diamonds.